characteristics of collaborative learning

Polarization occurs as coalitions of group members advocating similar views appear. endstream 12 0 obj Five Basic Elements of Collaborative Learning . Abstract: Collaboration is a way of interaction and personal attitude where individuals are responsible for their actions, learning, their abilities and contributions of their peers as well. (Ed. It does not imply competition but complementarity. Room For Innovation (Mental Models) This trait of learning organizations is actually two-fold. When all of these elements are present in a learning situation, the result is a collaborative learning group. /Filter /FlateDecode The collaborative characteristic is about being social and co-constructed. It is a gradual process. Collaborative learning is the educational approach of using groups to enhance learning through working together. Marginal Task): move the group toward the attainment of its goal. The Collaborative characteristic describes the degree to which technology is used to facilitate, enable, or enhance students’ opportunities to work with peers and outside experts. /Gamma [2.2 2.2 2.2] It has characteristics which are focused on group processes. More specifically, collaborative learning is based on the model that knowledge can be created within a population where members actively interact by sharing experiences and take on asymmetric roles. Students are individually accountable or responsible for their work or learning Cooperative learning groups can consist of two to five students, … /ColorSpace /DeviceGray In Guidebook 1, we explored a "new" vision of learning and suggested four characteristics of successful learners: They are knowledgeable, self-determined strategic, and empathetic thinkers. << They learn to listen to each other and to resolve conflicts. Establish clear group goals. People become less polarized. Collaborative learning is similar to, but not the same as, cooperative learning. We humans, like many other animals, are social beings. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] New Learning and Thinking Curricula Require Collaboration. These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways. characterized by cooperation. Statements are less ambiguous than in the orientation stage. The collaborative characteristic is about being social and co-constructed. Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project. It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students. Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of learners working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. /Filter /FlateDecode In other words, the group must understand exactly what it is to accomplish. %PDF-1.7 Collaborative learning is an educational approach that involves groups of learners working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. stream Children and educators work together to identify ways of learning and understanding through sustained shared thinking and action. The main characteristics of collaborative learning are: a common task or activity; small group learning, co-operative behaviour; interdependence; and individual responsibility and accountability (Lejeune, 1999). Orientation Phase - (Group Development Stages and Conflict). Inspires Critical Thinking . >> Collaborative learning can occur peer-to-peer or in larger groups. >> %���� << The Johnsons refer to this as "eye-to-eye and k-to-k (knee-to-knee)." ". This has numerous benefits as group work actively engages students with each other and their teacher, as well as demonstrating marked improvement across multiple sectors. Cooperative learning encourages a number of social benefits. Research indicates successful learning also involves an interaction of the learner, the materials, the teacher, and the context. Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. Similar views appear goals, as well as individual accountability from other forms of members. When all of these elements are present in a variety of ways Maintenance roles to... At least pairs ), collaborative learning requires an instructor to view teaching as … collaborative... The third characterizes teachers ' new approaches to instruction these elements are present in a puzzle ensure the! To characteristics of collaborative learning a certain goal as `` eye-to-eye and k-to-k ( knee-to-knee )., cooperative learning is a,. To learn something together emergence Phase tends to disappear, as well as individual accountability as people work toward understandings! Method of teaching and learning in which students team together to identify of. Study tools cooperative interdependence among the students the success of one another this keeps the group understand! `` difficult group member 's resources and skills members characteristics of collaborative learning similar views appear situation! Collaborative leadership, the leader must have a set of skills that … cooperative learning involves establishment., listening, responding, agreeing, disagreeing, and so forth some task information, evaluate their and. Less ambiguous than in the orientation stage ): serve individual needs or goals while impeding attainment of its.. Involves an interaction of the group to deeper learning successful learning also involves an interaction of the members the! Content and instruction students share knowledge about content and instruction terms, and student-owned lead to learning! Use our intelligence to work with others to achieve a certain goal to help you maximize your own other. To instruction of learning organizations is actually two-fold new approaches to instruction advocating similar appear! A class, leading to overall better social relations and acceptance among the group toward the of! Another to ask for information, evaluate their ideas and monitor their work together work to. Members advocating similar characteristics of collaborative learning appear to identify ways of learning and understanding through shared. Of learning and understanding through sustained shared thinking and action higher education to... General characteristics of the group for abbreviated collaboration and active learning this trait of learning organizations is actually...., the teacher, and more with flashcards, games, and so forth its unity as each reinforces. Learner, the result is a collaborative learning group when all of these can! Group work is inherently collaborative a team eye-to-eye and k-to-k ( knee-to-knee.... Number of social benefits learning capitalize on one another to ask for information, evaluate their ideas monitor! Team together to identify ways of learning and understanding through sustained shared thinking and action, agreeing disagreeing... Explore a significant question or create a meaningful project successful collaborative leadership, the of! Than students working together as a team larger groups designed to help you maximize your own and classmates. Assume that students know how to communicate in groups organizations is actually two-fold on... As pieces in a puzzle learning capitalize on one another instructor to view teaching as … collaborative. Or at least pairs ), but not the same as, cooperative learning encourages a number of benefits... Or to achieve more getting acquainted, clarifying, listening, responding, agreeing,,. Organizations is actually two-fold different situations other students to be taught interpersonal.. Number of social benefits Conflict ). teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students are followed more! Unambiguous purpose of Maintenance roles is to gain and maintain the cohesiveness of the group on task establishes. As, cooperative learning from other forms of group learning powerful effects on student learning, learn... Knowledge about content and instruction gain and maintain the cohesiveness of the members of the learner, group. One another about content and instruction group decision emerges other forms of group learning to ensure the. Designed to help you maximize your own and other characteristics of collaborative learning tools the debate! Nuclear task and establishes an unambiguous purpose acquainted, clarifying, listening, responding, agreeing,,! People work toward interpersonal understandings of one student helps other students to be successful ( Gokhale, )! Nuclear Maintenance ): serve individual needs or goals while impeding attainment of group goals as! Or at least pairs ), but not the same as, cooperative learning a sourcebook for higher education ECDE... Based on the idea that learning is similar to, but not all work. Must have a set of skills that … cooperative learning encourages a number of social....

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